Christ of Ixmiquilpan (Christ of the Chapel of Saint Teresa)

Christ of Ixmiquilpan (Christ of the Chapel of Saint Teresa)

José de Ibarra, Mexican, 1685-1756
Born: Mexico
Work Locations: Mexico
Oil paint on canvas
A gift of the collection of Jan and Frederick Mayer.

José de Ibarra, Christ of Ixmiquilpan (Christ of the Chapel of Saint Teresa), 1731. Oil paint on canvas; 7 ft. 6½ in. × 56¼ in. Gift of the Collection of Jan and Frederick Mayer, 2008.829.

This object is currently on view
height: 90.5 in, 229.8700 cm; width: 56.188 in, 142.7175 cm; frame height: 104.5 in, 265.4300 cm; frame width: 70.5 in, 179.0700 cm
Bottom: "Vro. Rto. del SXPTO. de Ixmiquilpan colocado por el Illmo. Sr Arcobispo Dn. Juan de la Serna / en el Convento antiguo de Carmelitas descalsas de Sr Sn Joseph de Mexico. / Ferenobo dicha Sagrada Imagen el ano de 1621. y fe hizo esta copia el de 1731."
Mayer Center, Latin American Art
Latin American Art

The painting depicts a famous sculpture of Christ on the cross brought from Spain in 1545 for the mission church of a small Otomi village near Ixmiquilpan, Hidalgo (north of Mexico City) and was credited with many miracles. In the 17th century it was moved by the Archbishop of Mexico to Mexico City, where it now resides in the Chapel of St. Teresa. This history is explained in the inscription. The painting is one of the popular "statue portraits" so common in Spain and its colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries.
José de Ibarra was born in 1685 in Guadalajara, Mexico and moved to Mexico City where he was trained as a painter by Juan Correa. In 1717 he joined the workshop of Juan Rodríguez Juárez until 1728, after which he painted independently. He was a teacher of many well-known later 18th century painters including Miguel Cabrera. José de Ibarra, was known in his day as the "Murillo of New Spain".
--Donna Pierce & Julie Wilson Frick, 2015

Known Provenance
Gifted 18 December 2008 by Frederick and Jan Mayer of Denver, CO to the Denver Art Museum. Provenance research is on-going at the Denver Art Museum. Please e-mail, if you have questions, or if you have additional information to share with us.
Exhibition History
  • Painting a New World: Mexican Art and Life 1521 - 1821, Denver Art Museum, April 3 - July 25, 2004. "The Arts of Latin America 1492 - 1820," Philadelphia Musuem of Art, September 2006 - January 2008.