Saint Joseph

Saint Joseph

Late 1600s to early 1700s
Nicolás Rodríguez Juárez, Mexican, 1/5/1667-7/10/1734
Born: Mexico City, Mexico
Mexico City, Mexico
Oil paint and gold on canvas
Accession Number
Credit Line
Gift of Robert J. Stroessner

Nicolás Rodríguez Juárez, Saint Joseph, late 1600s-early 1700s. Oil paint and gold on canvas; 13¼ × 13¼ in. Gift of Robert J. Stroessner, 1991.1158.

height: 13.25 in, 33.6550 cm; depth: 13.25 in, 33.6550 cm; frame height: 19.5 in, 49.5300 cm; depth: 19.5 in, 49.5300 cm
At lower left in gold: "Nicolas Rodriguez / xuarez f."
Mayer Center, Latin American Art
Latin American Art
This object is currently on view

In the lower left corner of this painting is the signature of the artist Nicolás Rodríguez Juárez (1667-1734), a member of an important family dynasty of painters active in Mexico City for over one hundred years. Nicolás’s maternal great-grandfather and grandfather were the renowned painters Luis (active 1610-39) and José Juárez (1617-1661/2), while his father Antonio Rodríguez (1636-1691/2) was also a noted painter. In the early 1700s, Nicolás and his brother Juan Rodríguez Juárez were the leading painters of their day. In addition to two paintings by Nicolás Rodríguez Juárez, the DAM collection includes examples by the founding father Luis Juárez, by an apprentice of José Juarez, and several examples by Juan Rodríguez Juárez.

This painting is one of many small-scale images made for private devotion by Nicolás Rodríguez Juárez and other members of his family. It depicts the head of Saint Joseph, the husband of Mary and the foster father of Jesus. As a bright light illuminates his face, Joseph looks up to the heavens with his mouth parted in an apparent ecstatic state. Rodríguez Juárez’s masterful use of strong contrasts between light and dark heightens the emotional drama of the moment. The abstracted halo that radiates from the Saint’s head is boldly painted in gold pigment and makes a dynamic juxtaposition to Joseph’s lifelike face, painted by Rodríguez Juárez in a soft and delicate manner. The artist’s inclusion of his signature, also painted in gold, not only calls attention to his role as the image’s creator, but signals his own devotion.

--Sabena Kull, 2017-18 Mayer Fellow for Spanish Colonial Art

Known Provenance
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