Viracocha VIII, Inca

Viracocha VIII, Inca

After Marco Chillitupa Chávez
Cuzco, Peru Lima
Gift of Dr. Belinda Straight

After Marco Chillitupa Chávez (active about 1820-40, Cuzco, Peru). Viracocha VIII, Inca. Lima or Cuzco, Peru, 1830-1850. Oil paint on canvas. 25 x 19 1/8 in. Denver Art Museum Collection: Gift of Dr. Belinda Straight; 1977.45.9

height: 25 in, 63.5000 cm; width: 19.125 in, 48.5775 cm
Mayer Center, Latin American Art
Latin American Art

This painting is one of a series of sixteen (1977.45.1-.16) showing the ancient rulers of the Inca Empire. It is not only a family tree but a political tool. Since proof of aristocratic Inca blood entitled people to special privileges and freed them from paying taxes in the Spanish Colonial period, paintings were used to document and assert this heritage. The set of paintings ends with Francisco Pizarro (1977.45.16), the Spanish conqueror of Peru in 1534, shown in his European armor.
     Although romanticized, the Inca male rulers wear the uncu, an exquisitely woven tunic, and an aberrant version of the llautu, the traditional royal headdress complete with red forehead fringe. The painting of the Inca queen (1977.45.2), Mama Occollo, shows her wearing the traditional women’s mantle, or lliclla, a rectangular cloth worn across the shoulders so that the stripes appear horizontally across the back, and held in place by a tupu pin inserted horizontally in the front. The geometric textile patterns in all the paintings are reminiscent of tocapu designs on traditional Inca noble clothing, signifying rank and status.
--Donna Pierce, 2015

Known Provenance
Gifted 7 July 1977 by Dr. Belinda Straight to the Denver Art Museum. Provenance research is on-going at the Denver Art Museum. Please e-mail, if you have questions, or if you have additional information to share with us.
Exhibition History
  • “ReVision: Art in the Americas” — Denver Art Museum, 2/16/2020 – 11/8/2020