Leaf from the Hamba-i-Haidari
1836–37, Mughal dynasty (1526–1857)
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
Denver Art Museum: Gift of Harry Goodwin
This manuscript page depicts a scene in the life of Ali, Muhammad’s son-in-law. Ali is revered by the Shi’ite sect of Islam, whose followers believe that he was appointed by Muhammad to continue his teachings; Sunni Muslims believe Muhammad’s successor was his father-in-law, the caliph Abu Bakr. The original text was written by Mirza Muhammad Rafi’ Khan Badel, who was born in Persia but emigrated to India.