Death Cart

Death Cart

1890-1910
Artist
Jose Inez Herrera, American
Locale
El Rito, NM New Mexico
bulto
Carved cottonwood or pine with gesso, paint, feathers, silk and hair.
General acquisition funds
1948.22A-C

José Inez Herrera, Death Cart, 1890-1910, New Mexico. Wood, leather, hair, feather, metal, silk. Denver Art Museum Collection: General acquisition funds, 1948.22A-C

Dimensions
image height: 48 in, 121.9200 cm; image width: 21.5 in, 54.6100 cm; height: 30.5 in, 77.4700 cm; width: 25 in, 63.5000 cm
Department
Mayer Center, Latin American Art
Collection
Spanish Southwest

Spanish settlers introduced death statues, a sculptural tradition dating from the Middle Ages, to the Southwest in the late 1500s. They were used by the Penitente brotherhoods of northern New Mexico and southern Colorado in Easter processions in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The processions occurred during Holy Week and were known for the practice of mortification of the flesh, primarily through self-flagellation, for religious purposes. The cart was used in the Good Friday re-enactment of the Passion of Christ and was meant to remind sinners to be prepared, because death was ever-present.

 

In New Mexico and Colorado, the figures are usually dressed as a woman carrying a bow and arrow, known as Doña Sebastiana, probably in reference to Saint Sebastian, who was martyred by arrows. The master carver who made this cart, José Inés Herrera, was active in El Rito, New Mexico. He was known as the Santero de la Muerte (Saint-maker of Death) because he specialized in carving death carts and death figures.

 

Jorge F. Rivas Pérez, Frederick and Jan Mayer Curator of Latin American Art

Known Provenance
Purchased in 1948 by the Denver Art Museum.