The World War II-Era Provenance Research Project

Following the American Alliance of Museums' (AAM) release of the Standards Regarding the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects During the Nazi Era, found on its Collections Stewardship web page, the DAM is conducting research to identify artworks that were created before 1946, and acquired after 1932, and that changed hands in continental Europe during 1933-1945.

The list is being updated as research progresses and items are posted on our website as well as on the Nazi-Era Provenance Internet Portal, a registry of objects in museum collections in the United States that changed ownership in Continental Europe during the Nazi Era (1933-1945). The portal was the result of a collaboration between the American Association of Museums (AAM) and the American Association of Museum Directors (AAMD), of which DAM is an active member.

We will be listing works here that have or may have changed hands in Europe during the Nazi Era. Their inclusion does not mean we believe the works were looted or improperly acquired. The gaps in their history are being researched and we will post any new findings as they become available.

Read more about our efforts in provenance research and archaeological materials and ancient art provenance research specifically. Should you have any provenance-related inquiries or information, please contact us at provenance@denverartmuseum.org. 

Georges Rouault

French, 1871-1958

André Suarès

1926

Lithograph

9 ½ x 6 7/8 inches (24.1 x 17.5 cm), image

18 ¾ x 16 ¼ x 1 ¼ inches (47.6 x 41.3 x 3.2 cm), framed

Gift of Robert S. and Gay Ellen Lasher

Print from Rouault’s literary work “Souvenirs Intimes,” (1927).

Purchased 5 December 1967 from (Associated American Artists, New York) by Robert S. and Gay Ellen Lasher; gifted 2013 by Robert and Gay Lasher

Georges Rouault

French, 1871-1958

Self-Portrait

1926

Lithograph

18 ½ x 16 1/8 x 1 ¼ inches (46.9 x 40.9 x 3.2 cm), framed

Gift of Robert S. and Gay Ellen Lasher

Print from Rouault’s literary work “Souvenirs Intimes,” (1927).

Purchased 5 December 1967 from (Associated American Artists, New York) by Robert S. and Gay Ellen Lasher; gifted 2013 by Robert and Gay Lasher

Alfred Sisley

British artist (active in France), 1839-1899    

La Seine à Grenelle


1878


oil on canvas


18 3/4 x 21 1/2 in. (47.62 x 54.60 cm), image


24 x 27 1/4 in. (60.95 x 69.21 cm), framed    


Funds from Helen Dill bequest, 1936.60



Purchased 26 Jan. 1884 from the artist by (Durand-Ruel, Paris). Jean d'Alayer, Paris. Purchased 10 May 1897 at the sale P. Aubry, Paris (Galeries Georges Petit; lot n. 28; auctioneer: Chevallier) by (Durand-Ruel, Paris) [stock 4219]; purchased 28 Aug. 1936 from (Durand-Ruel, Paris) by (Durand-Ruel, New York) [stock 5314]; purchased 28 Aug. 1936 from (Durand-Ruel, New York) by the Denver Art Museum.

Maurice Utrillo


French, 1883-1955    


Church of Montmagny


c. 1909-14


oil on cradled artists board


20.75 x 28.25 in. (52.70 x 71.75 cm), image


29.75 x 37.188 in. (75.56 x 94.45 cm), framed    


Funds from Helen Dill bequest, 1937.5



Purchased 1937 from (Marie Harriman Gallery, New York) by the Denver Art Museum.

George Romney


British, 1734-1802    


Contemplation


c. 1772


oil on canvas


18.875 x 14.625 in. (47.94 x 37.14 cm), image


31 x 25.25 in. (78.73 x 64.13 cm), framed    


Gift of Ella Mullen Weckbaugh in memory of John Kernan Mullen and Catherine Smith Mullen, 1943.2



New York art market, 1928-29. (Thomas Agnew & Sons). Ella Mullen Weckbaugh [1875-1971] by 1943; gifted 1943 by Ella Mullen Weckbaugh to the Denver Art Museum.

Unknown Maker    


Madonna and Child


limestone


13th century


height: 46.5 in. (118.10 cm)    


Museum Purchase for the Ina S. Hobbs Bequest, 1945.45

Cathedral of Laon (Aisne)? In Paris by 1937? Purchased 1945 from (Paul Drey, New York) by the Denver Art Museum.

Master of the Bracciolini Chapel


Italian (Pistoia), late 14th-early 15th century    


Madonna and Child Enthroned Surrounded by Four Saints


Early 15th century


tempera on panel


40.125 x 20.75 in. (101.91 x 52.70 cm)     


Gift of Robert Lehman, 1947.29



Elia Volpi collection? Gifted 1947 by Robert Lehman to the Denver Art Museum

Follower of Hieronymus Bosch    


The Vision of Tundale


Late 15th century


oil on panel


27 x 33.375 in. (68.57 x 84.77 cm), framed    


Funds from Helen Dill bequest, 1948.37



French Collections [unidentified marks on the back]. Unknown collection, Paris. Acquired in Paris by (Paul Drey gallery, New York) by 1946; purchased 1948 from (Paul Drey gallery) by the Denver Art Museum.

Alonso Sánchez Coello


Spanish, 1531/2-1588    


Anne of Austria


c. 1578


oil on panel


26.25 x 22.75 in. (66.67 x 57.78 cm), framed


21.25 x 17.75 in. (53.97 x 45.08 cm), image    


Funds from Helen Dill bequest, 1950.39



(T. Agnew's, London) by 1926 [sale]? Mrs. Joshua Montgomery Sears [Sarah Carlisle Choate, 1858-1935], Boston; Mrs. James Donald Cameron Bradley [Helen Sears, daughter of Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears, 1889-1959], Boston by descent. (M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York) by 1946; purchased 1950 from (M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York) by the Denver Art Museum.

Paolo Veronese [Caliari]


Italian, 1528-1588    


Portrait of the Architect Scamozzi


c. 1580


oil on canvas


46 x 41.25 in. (116.83 x 104.77 cm), framed    


Charles Bayly, Jr. Collection, 1951.85



Caiselli Collection, Udine (Italy), by 1909 [the collection was sold in Rome in 1934]. (Adolph Loewi, Los Angeles). Charles Bayly, Jr. [1897-1954]; gifted 1951 by Charles Bayly, Jr. to the Denver Art Museum.

Ambrosius Benson


South Netherlandish [Italian birth], late 15th c. - before 12 Jan 1550    


Portrait of Jean de Dinteville


c. 1540


oil on panel


28 x 24.5 in. (71.11 x 62.22 cm), framed    


Gift of Charles Bayly Jr., 1953.82



Collection of Dr. Oskar Friedeberg, Berlin, by 1935. Hanna Katz, New York? (M. Knoedler and Co., New York), by 1953. Charles Bayly, Jr. [1897-1954]; gifted 1953 by Charles Bayly, Jr. to the Denver Art Museum.
        


Sano di Pietro


Italian, 1405-1481    


Madonna and Child with Saints


c. 1450


tempera on panel


29 x 19.875 in. (73.65 x 50.48 in.), framed


20.5 x 14.875 in. (52.06 x 37.78 cm), image


Gift of the Simon Guggenheim Memorial Collection, 1958.100



The Sansedoni Family collection, Siena; the Marquis Joseph-Jules-Marie-Pierre de Grolée-Virville, Lyons and Florence [in 1895 he marries Piera Pucci Sansedoni of Siena]? Purchased 1933 from (Luigi Grassi, Florence) by Mr. Simon [1867-1941] and Mrs. Olga [1877-1970] Guggenheim, New York; gifted in trust 1958 by Mrs. Olga Guggenheim to the Denver Art Museum.

Jules Adolphe Breton


French, 1827-1906    


The Gleaner


1900


oil on canvas


43 x 39 in. (109.21 x 99.05 cm), framed


37.5 x 31 in. (95.24 x 78.73 cm), image    


Gift of the Lawrence C. Phipps Foundation, 1958.112



Gifted 1958 by the Lawrence C. Phipps Foundation to the Denver Art Museum.


Isack Jouderville


Dutch, 1612/13-1645/48    


Minerva in her Study


c. 1631
oil on panel

27.375 x 24 in. (69.53 x 60.95), framed


17 x 13.625 in. (43.17 x 34.60 cm), image    


Gift of the Bonfils foundation, 1959.114



(C. Sedelmeyer, Paris) by 1896 [Catalogue of 100 Paintings, III, 1896, n. 32]. M. Pol-Charbonneaux Collection, Reims by 1897- at least until 1908. (F. Kleinberger, Paris), by 1916. The Hon. Breckinridge Long, Laurel, Maryland [1881-1958]? (Wildenstein & Co., Paris and New York), by 1936-1959; purchased 1959 from (Wildenstein & Co.) by the Denver Art Museum.

Jan van Scorel


Netherlandish, 1495-1562    


Portrait of a Young Man


c. 1518-1524


oil on panel


23.6 x 20.5 in. (59.94 x 52.06 cm), framed    


Anonymous Gift, 1960.63



Antici Mattei Collection [cat. 52]. (Wildenstein and Co., New York) by 1952. Gifted 1960 anonymously to the Denver Art Museum.

Neroccio de' Landi


Italian, 1447-1500    


Madonna and Child


Late 15th century


tempera and oil paint on panel


23.75 x 17.375 in. (60.32 x 44.13 cm), framed    


15.875 x 9.375 in. (40.32 x 23.81 cm), image


Gift of The Simon Guggenheim Memorial Collection, 1962.97



Acquired between 1817 and 1842 [probably between 1832 and 1842] by Johann Anton Ramboux, Germany [1790-1866, painter and collector]; sold [23 May?] 1867 in the auction of the Ramboux Collection. Munich art market? Purchased [1920s] by Mr. Edward Hutton, London; purchased 1938 from Mr. Edward Hutton, London by Mr. Simon [1867-1941] and Mrs. Olga [1877-1970] Guggenheim, New York; gifted 1962 by Mrs. Olga Guggenheim to the Denver Art Museum.

Eugène Carrière


French, 1849-1906    


Young Girl with Flowers


c. 1890-1895


oil on canvas


29.25 x 24.5 in. (74.29 x 62.22 cm), framed


23.25 x 18.875 in. (59.05 x 47.94 cm), image    


Gift of Mrs. Dan Thornton, 1969.220



Gifted 1969 by Mrs. Dan Thornton to the Denver Art Museum

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec


French, 1864-1901    


Repos Pendant le Bal Masqué (Respite from the Masked Ball)


c. 1899


oil and gouaches on board


37 3/4 x 30 1/2 in. (95.88 x 77.46 cm), framed    


21.375 x 15.5 in. (54.29 x 39.36 cm), image


Gift of T. Edward & Tullah Hanley Collection, 1974.359



Manzi, Paris? Roy, Paris? by 1930 (M. Knoedler and Company, New York and Chicago)? Purchased 7 June 1935 from (Georges Bernheim, Paris) by M. Schoeller. Purchased 1 June 1936 from (Durand-Ruel, Paris) by (Durand-Ruel, New York); purchased 4 Jan. 1937 from (Durand-Ruel, New York) by Thomas Edward Hanley [1893-1969] [stock 5309]; gifted 1974 by Tullah Innes Hanley [d. 1992] to the Denver Art Museum.

Jules Dupré


French, 1811-1889    


Landscape


c. 1850-1865


oil on panel


16.5 x 22 in. (41.90 x 55.87 cm), framed    


10 x 15.375 in. (25.39 x 39.05 cm), image


Edward and Tullah Hanley Memorial Gift for the People of Denver and the area, 1974.361



Gifted 1974 by Tullah Innes Hanley [d. 1992] to the Denver Art Museum.

George Romney


British, 1734-1802    


Miss Catherine Maria Holford, later Lady Smythe


1781


oil on canvas


38.5  x 34 in. (97.78 x 86.35 cm), framed


Funds Contributed By Charles E. Stanton In Memory Of His Mother, Mary Howie Stanton, 1979.335



Sir Edward Smythe, London. (John Levy Galleries, New York). Donald G. Geddes, Glen Cove, NY; Grace Geddes, Glen Cove, NY. Purchased February 1979 at sale Sotheby's Parke Bernet, New York by (Newhouse Galleries, New York) in partnership with Thomas Agnew (Agnew's Gallery, London), Richard Green (Richard Green Gallery, London) and Norman Hirschl (Hirschl and Adler Gallery, New York); purchased 1979 from (Newhouse Galleries, New York) and partners [see above] by the Denver Art Museum.


Ippolito Scarsella, called  Scarsellino


Italian, c. 1550-1620    


Christ Healing the Lepers


c. 1605


oil on panel


17.25 x 19.25 in. (43.81 x 48.89 cm), framed    


Gift of the Estate of William Jacob Bean by Mary Bean East, 1993.86



P. Crozat, Paris. Purchased 20 or 26? March, 1967 from (P. & D. Colnaghi, London) by D. P. Gurney. Gifted 1993 by Mary Bean East to the Denver Art Museum.


Thomas Barker of Bath


British, 1769-1847    


"Figures by Lake Albano" with Castel Gandolfo


1795


oil on canvas


44 X 55 in. (111.75 x 139.69 cm), framed


35 x 45.75 in. (88.89 x 116.20 cm), image    


Collector's Choice XV, 1993.331



English private collection [descendants of the Earl of Portsmouth, acquired from a private educational institution]. (Valery Taylor Gallery, New York); purchased 1993 from (Valery Taylor Gallery) by the Denver Art Museum.


Maria van Oosterwyck


Dutch, 1630-1693    


Bouquet of Flowers in a Vase


c. 1670s


oil on canvas


39.375 x 32.5 in. (100.01 x 82.54 cm), framed


29 x 22 in. (73.65 x 55.87 cm), image    


Funds by exchange from T. Edward and Tullah Hanley in honor of longtime director, Otto Bach and his wife Cile Bach, 1997.219



Jacques-Andre-Joseph Aved [portrait painter and collector in Paris], by 1760; purchased 1760 from Jacques-Andre-Joseph Aved by Princess Karoline Luise von Baden [1723-1783, wife of Carl Friedrich; she gave the painting on loan to the Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe, where it remained until 1932]. Collection Beets, Amsterdam, 1932. (Kunsthandel P. de Boer, Amsterdam), by 1935. Private Collection, Amsterdam. (Jack Kilgore & Co., Inc., New York), by 1997; purchased 1997 from (Jack Kilgore & Co., Inc.) by the Denver Art Museum.

Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione, called Il Grechetto


Italian, 1609-1664    


Deucalion and Pyrrha


1655


oil on canvas


70.75 x 56.25 in. (179.70 x 142.87 cm), framed    


61 x 47.5 in. (154.93 x 120.64 cm), image 


Funds from T. Edward and Tullah Hanley and Mr.and Mrs. Carl M. Williams by exchange, 1998.39



Private collection, France. Purchased 1998 by the Denver Art Museum.

Cristofano Allori


Italian, 1577-1621    


Saint Francis in Prayer


early 17th century


oil on copper


19.5 x 17 in. (49.52 x 43.17 cm), framed    


14 x 11.375 in. (35.55 x 28.89 cm), image


Funds in honor of William M.B. Berger with funds from Carl M. and Lisa Williams, Helen Krieble Foundation, Bob & Judi Newman, James and Mary Beth Vogelzang, and Friends of Painting and Sculpture, 1999.77



Purchased at auction by (Mia N. Weiner, Connecticut); (Valery Taylor Gallery, New York); purchased 1999 from (Valery Taylor Gallery) by the Denver Art Museum.


Pierre Mignard


French, 1612-1695


Time Clipping Cupid's Wings


1694


oil on canvas


32.25 x 27.5 in. (81.91 x 69.84 cm), framed


26 x 21.25 in. (66.03 x 53.97 cm), image


T. Edward and Tullah Hanley by exchange and Mr. and Mrs. Charles P. Gallagher, 2000.201



Defferre family by the 1920's; Jacques Defferre [1910-?] by inheritance [from his great-uncle]; purchased Dec. 1995 at (Eric Beaussant & Pierre-Yves Lefèvre, Paris) from Jacques Defferre by (Stiebel, Inc., New York); purchased Nov. 2000 from (Stiebel, Inc.) by the Denver Art Museum.

Jan van Goyen


Dutch, 1596-1656    


Dune Landscape


1636


oil on panel


23 11/16 x 32 3/16 in. (60.16 x 81.75 cm), framed    


Gift of Bernard Polak, 2011.359



Wesselhoeft family, Hamburg for fifty years. (C. G. Boerner, Düsseldorf); purchased January 1953 from (C. G. Boerner Gallery, Düsseldorf) by (P. de Boer Gallery, Amsterdam); purchased August 1953 from (P. de Boer Gallery, Amsterdam) by Jacob Polak [1885-1971], Sarasota, FL; bequeathed by Jacob Polak to his son Bernard Polak, Middletown, NY and Englewood, CO; gifted 2011 by Bernard Polak, Englewood, CO to the Denver Art Museum.

David Teniers the Younger


Flemish, 1610-1690    


Old Woman Holding a Flagon


c. 1650


oil on panel


8 7/8 x 7 3/4 in. (22.54 x 19.68 cm), framed


5.125 x 3.825 in. (13.01 x 9.71 cm), image    


Gift of Bernard Polak, 2012.270



Lord le Despencer collection. Mrs. S.L. Barnard, Cave Castle, South Cave, Yorkshire. (Netherlandish art dealer), before 1945. Sam Polak, Amsterdam, by 1951; purchased October 1951 from Sam Polak, Amsterdam by Jacob Polak [1885-1971], Middletown, NY;  bequeathed by Jacob Polak to his son Bernard Polak, Middletown, NY and Englewood, CO; gifted 2012 by Bernard Polak, Englewood, CO to the Denver Art Museum.